ISSN: 0034-8376
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ABSTRACT

Adherence to a Gluten-Free Diet in Mexican Subjects with Gluten-Related Disorders: A High Prevalence of Inadvertent Gluten Intake

VOLUME 68 - NUMBER 5 / September - October (Original Article)

Karen Lizzette Ramírez-Cervantes, Department of Gastroenterology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico
Angélica Viridiana Romero-López, Department of Nutrition, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico
Carlos Alberto Núñez-Álvarez, Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico
Luis Federico Uscanga-Domínguez, Pancreas Clinic, Gastroenterology Department, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico

Background: The rate of compliance with a gluten-free diet in patients with gluten-related disorders is unknown in most Latin American countries. Objective: To study the adherence to a gluten-free diet of Mexican individuals with celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity at the time of their first medical and nutritional consultation at a tertiary referral center. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed. A specific questionnaire was used to gather information on demographics, clinical condition, and self-reported adherence to a gluten-free diet, and to determine strict compliance and intentional or inadvertent gluten consumption. All questionnaires were applied by a nutritionist with expertise in gluten-related disorders. Results: Fifty-six patients with celiac disease and 24 with non-celiac gluten sensitivity were included. Overall, 46 (57.5%) subjects perceived themselves as strictly adherent; however, inadvertent gluten intake was frequent in both celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity patients (39.2 vs. 33.3%; p = 0.2). Intentional consumption was more prevalent in subjects with celiac disease (48.8 vs. 29.1%; p = 0.048) and individuals with non-celiac gluten sensitivity showed better adherence (37.5 vs. 12.5%; p = 0.035). Conclusions: The importance of a gluten-free diet is underestimated by Mexican patients with celiac disease. The role of a team with expertise in gluten-related disorders is essential to identify inadvertent gluten intake.

Keywords: Celiac disease. Gluten-free diet. Gluten-related disorders. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity.

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