ISSN: 0034-8376
eISSN: 2564-8896






Relationship Between the Fibrinogen-to-Albumin Ratio and SYNTAX Score in Patients with Non-St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction



Guney Erdogan, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Cardiology Clinic, Samsun, Turkey
Ugur Arslan, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Cardiology Clinic, Samsun, Turkey
Mustafa Yenercag, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Cardiology Clinic, Samsun, Turkey
Gunduz Durmus, Sultangazi Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Cardiology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
Sevil Tugrul, Bagcılar Training and Research Hospital, Cardiology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
Irfan Sahin, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey


Background: Despite the association of fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (FAR) with the extent, severity, and complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and stable CAD, no studies to date have specifically addressed this issue in patients with non-STEMI (NSTEMI). Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate whether a relationship exists between FAR and the SYNergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with TAXus (SYNTAX) score in patients with NSTEMI. Methods: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 330 patients with NSTEMI who had undergone coronary angiography in an academic medical center were divided into two groups: those with an intermediate/high (>-23) SYNTAX score (241 patients) and those with a low SYNTAX score <23 (89 patients). SYNTAX score was computed by two highly experienced cardiologists (who were blinded to the study data) using an online SYNTAX calculator. Fibrinogen and albumin levels were measured in all patients, and FAR was calculated. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that FAR (odds ratio (OR): 1.478, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.089-2.133, p = 0.002), low-density lipoprotein (OR: 1.058, 95% CI: 1.008-1.134, p = 0.026), and troponin I (OR: 1.219, 95% CI: 1.015-1.486, p = 0.031) were independent predictors of the SYNTAX score. In a receiver operating characteristics analysis, a cutoff FAR value of 95.3 had an 83% sensitivity and an 86% specificity (area under the curve (AUC): 0.84, p < 0.001) for the prediction of SYNTAX scores >-23 in NSTEMI patients. Conclusion: These results indicate that FAR is a useful tool to predict intermediate-high SYNTAX scores in NSTEMI patients.



Keywords: Fibrinogen-to-albumin. SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus score. Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.