ISSN: 0034-8376
eISSN: 2564-8896





Epistasis Between Two Gene Variants of Leptin and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Genes in the Development of Primary Knee Osteoarthritis




Matvey Sosa-Arellano, Departments of Genomic Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra, Mexico City, Mexico Norma C. González-Huerta, Departments of Genomic Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra, Mexico City, Mexico Eugenio Morales-Hernández, Department of Radiology, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra, Mexico City, Mexico Carolina Duarte-Salazar, Department of Rheumatology Service, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra, Mexico City, Mexico Antonio Miranda-Duarte, Departments of Genomic Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra, Mexico City, Mexico


Background: The association of leptin (LEP) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) genes with the susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis (OA) has been analyzed; however, the epistasis between them has not been investigated. Objective: The objective of the study was to analyze the association of LEP and VEGFA variants and their interaction with primary knee OA in a Mexican Mestizo population. Methods: A case-control study was developed. Cases were ≥40 years, BMI ≤27 kg/m2, with primary knee OA and radiologic Grade ≥2. Controls were participants with no knee OA and a radiologic Grade <2. The rs2167270 of LEP and rs2010963 of VEGFA were genotyped. Genotypic association was tested under codominant, dominant, and recessive models. Uni- and multi-variate analyses were developed through non-conditional logistic regression. The multifactor dimensionality reduction algorithm was developed to detect epistasis. Results: Participants comprised 103 cases and 179 controls. Allelic and genotypic distributions did not show differences between the groups. Notwithstanding, a statistically significant interaction was observed between the LEP and VEGFA genes (p = 0.02) with a testing accuracy of 0.5199 and cross-validation consistency of 10/10. This interaction model confers an increased risk to knee OA (OR [95% CI] = 1.8 [1.1-2.9]). Conclusion: Interaction between LEP and VEGFA is related with genetic susceptibility to developing primary knee OA.



Keywords: Osteoarthritis. Leptin. Vascular endothelial growth factor. Gene variant. Epistasis.